Dyslexia

Dyslexia is the most common learning difference. An estimated 10% of the UK population are affected by Dyslexia.  Individuals can be mildly, moderately or severely affected. A person’s fluency or comprehension accuracy in being able to read, speak, and spell is affected. This can manifest itself as a difficulty with phonological awareness, phonological decoding, orthographic coding, auditory short-term memory, and/or rapid naming. The symptoms of dyslexia vary according to the severity of the disorder as well as the age of the individual.

There is absolutely no relation between IQ and Dyslexia. It is not just about struggling to read and spell. It is not a problem with the eyes, Dyslexics do not see things backwards. Occasionally a person with dyslexia may write letters in reverse but this is not the defining feature of the condition. Coloured filters do help. Some people. Some complain that letters are blurred or move around, the page glares and reading leads to headaches, in these cases coloured overlays (different colours for different individuals) may help improve visual symptoms.

 

Strengths

  • Inquisitive and able to absorb information from multiple sources
  • Lateral and/or critical thinking
  • Able to visualise how things will look
  • Innovative and intuitive
  • Problem solving by providing alternative solutions
  • Excellent trouble shooting
  • Bigger picture thinking and taking a holistic approach
  • Make connections, see inter-relationships and patterns in information

 

Some key issues faced can include:-

  • Difficulties in dealing with the sounds of words, it is especially hard to learn to use phonics to read words.
  • Ability to recall or process a list of words or numbers or to remember a list of instructions.
  • Significant difficulty with written work including:
    • Spelling and grammar errors
    • Poor handwriting
    • Trouble structuring their written communication and difficulty expressing ideas in writing
  • Likely to have reading issues such as:
    • Difficulty reading fluently
    • Visual sensitivity to text
    • Struggling to understand and learn new words
    • Misreading words
  • Difficulties caused in processing and memory, characterised by:
    • Short term memory problems and concentration difficulties
    • Needing extra time to respond to questions or express self
    • Taking longer to learn, forgetting what has been learnt
    • Difficulty understanding verbal instructions
    • Struggling to apply rules to different situations
  • Organisation, time and planning can be a struggle too:
    • Deadlines and appointments missed
    • Difficulty planning, prioritising and multi-tasking
    • Disorganised working area or losing things
    • Difficulty with sequences of tasks or following instructions
    • Seeming not prepared for meetings and events
  • Directional difficulties such as getting lost, confusing left and right.

All the above can lead to emotional and social effects such as tiredness and stress, struggling with self-esteem and confidence when mixing with others.