A physical impairment is any disability which limits the physical function of limbs or fine or gross motor ability. Partial or total paralysis or traumatic brain injury, stroke, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, arthritis, amputation, and carpal tunnel syndrome are examples of physical impairments. There may be additional medical concerns related to these physical impairments. By the same token, medical conditions and disorders such as cancer, cystic fibrosis, HIV AIDS, active cycle cell disease, and respiratory cardiac disease may consequently impair strength, speed, endurance, coordination, manual dexterity, and overall mobility.
Limitations in reaching, manipulations of materials, such as pen and paper, legibility of penmanship and ability to sit for long periods of time are additional manifestations of physical impairments.